Pakistan’s Rank in Different Indexes 2020

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Corruption Perceptions Index — 2020

Pakistan ranked 124 out of 180 countries with a score of 31 — dropping four spots over last year — in the 2020 Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) by Transparency International, an annual index that ranks countries based on perceptions of public sector corruption. The 2020 edition of the CPI ranked 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption, drawing on 13 expert assessments and surveys of business executives. Denmark and New Zealand topped the index this year, with 88 points each. Syria, Somalia and South Sudan are at the bottom of the chart with 14, 12 and 12 points, respectively. Last year, Pakistan had ranked 120. On a scale of 0-100, with zero being ‘Highly Corrupt’ and 100 being ‘Very Clean’, the country’s corruption score stands at 31 — a point lower than last year’s 32 — indicating that the perception of corruption in the public sector has worsened slightly. The country has also scored less than last year in two categories, Rule of Law Index and Varieties of Democracy, due to which Pakistan’s score in CPI 2020 has been reduced by one.

Inclusive Internet Index 2020

Pakistan has been ranked 76th out of 100 countries on the inclusive internet index 2020 released by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), falling into the last quartile of the global index overall. The ‘Inclusive Internet Index’ benchmarks countries on the internet’s availability, affordability, relevance and the readiness of people to use it. The annual report is commissioned by Facebook. In its fourth year, the index covered 100 countries, representing 91pc of the world’s population and 96pc of global GDP. On a scale of one (best) to 100 (worst), Pakistan stood at the 76th place out of the total countries surveyed. According to the EIU, in 2020 Pakistan falls into the last quartile of the global internet index countries overall, and it ranks 24th out of 26 Asian countries.

Global Innovation Index (GII) 2020

Pakistan’s ability, capacity and success in business innovation declined in 2020 as the country’s ranking on the Global Innovation Index (GII) fell to 107 during the year from 104 in 2019. The GII is compiled by the World Intellectual Property Organisation, INSEAD business school and Cornell University which publishes its annual rankings after evaluating innovations in the country’s institutions, human capital and research, infrastructure, market and business sophistication, knowledge and technology outputs and creative outputs. The report showed Pakistan’s ranking in terms of market sophistication fell from 102 in 2019 to 116 in 2020 owing to worsening indicators like ease of getting credit, domestic credit to private sector as a percentage of GDP and microfinancing. In addition, the country’s ability to attract investment also weakened during the year. The country’s human capital and research also declined during the year under review. The report highlights major weaknesses in terms of expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP, school life expectancy, tertiary enrollment and research and development.

World Press Freedom Index — 2020

Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontieres or RSF) in April 2020 released the 2020 World Press Freedom index, indicating that Pakistan slid down another three places to reach 145th position out of 180 countries. The top slot remained with Norway for a fourth consecutive year, followed by other Scandinavian countries, while the lowest ranking was given to North Korea. China maintained its 177th position this year. Some other countries in the region slipping from their positions included India, whose ranking dropped to 142 from last year’s 140, Iran that fell to 173, Afghanistan that went down to 122nd position. According to the RSF, media outlets in Pakistan are threatened with the withdrawal of advertising. The signals of TV channels that gave airtime to opposition representatives have been jammed. Journalists who dared to broach subjects deemed off limits by the military have been subjected to harassment campaigns.

Sustainable Development Goal Report — 2020

The Sustainable Development Goal Report 2020, the annual stocktaking exercise on progress across 17 goals, finds that for the first time since 1998 global poverty will increase in 2020 as 71m people may fall back into poverty. Lost income, inflation and scant social cover mean survival risks have escalated for previously secure families. About half of the world workforce (1.6 billion workers) will be significantly affected. The relevant data shows a 60 per cent fall in their earnings in the first month of the crisis. Pakistan ranked 134th on the Global SDG Index this year, from 130th in 2019, out of the 193 countries. The said report traces, tracks and reports the nation’s performance on 17 goals. Pakistan was graded the worst performer in South Asia with Sri Lanka ranking 94th, Nepal 96th, Bangladesh 109th and India 117th. Tangible progress could be made in six out of 17 goals during the year, with climate change being the only goal where progress is said to be perfectly on track.

WJP’s Rule of Law Index (RLI) — 2020

The World Justice Project (WJP) measures rule of law performance in 128 countries and jurisdictions across eight primary factors: Constraints on Government Powers, Absence of Corruption, Open Government, Fundamental Rights, Order and Security, Regulatory Enforcement, Civil Justice, and Criminal Justice. The Index is the world’s leading source for original, independent data on the rule of law. The WJP’s Rule of Law Index (RLI) 2020 reflects that Pakistan secured 0.39 score and placed the country on 120th position in the world ranking. Whereas in 2019 Pakistan’s ranking was 117 in the list of 128 countries and its total score was 0.39. In 2019 the World Justice Project’s Rule of Law report included 126 countries in its report however, it added two new countries in its 2020 report. In the South Asia region, Pakistan is only ahead of Afghanistan in the regional ranking. In the category of lower middle-income countries, Pakistan has been placed on 25th position out of 30. According to the report, Pakistan’s position has significantly dropped down in three major factors which includes Constraints on Government Powers, Absence of Corruption and Open Government. Pakistan’s ranking in the Constraints on Government power factor has been recorded on 79th place in 2020 whereas; in 2019 Pakistan was on 74th position in the global ranking. Similarly, in the Absence of Corruption factor Pakistan is now ranked on 116th position as compared to its 112th position in 2019. It faced a major decline in the ranking of Open Government factor where it is now placed on 91st position in 2020 as compared to 83rd position in 2019.

Global Gender Gap Index — 2020

Pakistan ranked 151 out of 153 countries on the Global Gender Gap Index Report 2020 index, published by the World Economic Forum (WEF), only managing to surpass Iraq and Yemen. The scorecard for the country places Pakistan at 150 in economic participation and opportunity, 143 in educational attainment, 149 in health and survival and 93 in political empowerment. A comparison of previous rankings shows that the overall ranking for Pakistan has drastically slipped from 112 in 2006 to 151 in 2020. Likewise, the country slipped from 112 to 150 in economic participation and opportunity, from 110 to 143 in educational attainment, from 112 to 149 in health and survival and from 37 to 93 in political empowerment during the same period. The report highlights that economic opportunities for women in Pakistan are limited with the country only managing to bridge 32.7 per cent of the gap between men and women in the workplace. In health and survival, the gap widened to 94.6pc, which means that women in the country do not have the same access to healthcare as men. Among the seven South Asian countries included in the index, Pakistan charted at the very bottom. Bangladesh ranked 50, followed by Nepal, 101, Sri Lanka, 102, India, 112, Maldives, 123, and Bhutan, 131. South Asia has closed two-thirds of its gender gap. The region is home to 860 million women, three-fourths of whom live in India.

Democracy Index — 2020

In the Economist Intelligence Unit’s (EIU) Democracy Index report, Norway has taken the top spot, while Iceland, Sweden, New Zealand and Canada have made it to the top five. The report, which is titled “Democracy in sickness and in health?”, looks to provide a snapshot of the current state of democracy worldwide for 167 countries. Out of 167 countries, the Democracy Index has classified 23 countries as full democracies, 52 as flawed democracies, 35 as hybrid regimes and 57 as authoritarian regimes. Afghanistan has been ranked 139th and classified as an ‘authoritarian regime’ in the index. Pakistan jumped three places to 105th position on the index that is classified in the ‘hybrid regime’ category. Pakistan was assigned a score of 4.31, 0.6 points higher as compared to 4.25 in the last year in which the country had been ranked 108 in 2019.

Global Hunger Index — 2020

Pakistan was placed 88th out of 107 countries on this year’s Global Hunger Index. Last year it was ranked 94th in the list. With a score of 24.6, Pakistan has a level of hunger that is categorised as serious. In comparison, Bangladesh ranks 75th out of the 107 countries with a score of 20.4, falling in the category of serious while Iran ranks 39th out of the 107 countries with a score of 7.9, having low category. Sri Lanka ranks 64th with a score of 16.3, showing moderate level of hunger while Nepal ranks 73rd with a score of 19.5, having moderate level of hunger. Afghanistan ranks 99th with a score of 30.3, showing a serious level of hunger.

Human Development Index (HDI) — 2020 

Pakistan’s ranking on Human Development Index (HDI) fell two notches and stood at 154th position in accordance with the 2020 report out of total 189 countries. Pakistan’s ranking stood at 152nd position last year. In other South Asian countries, India ranked at 131 on the Planetary pressures-adjusted HD index; Bangladesh: 133; Sri Lanka: 72; Maldives: 95; Nepal: 142, and Bhutan 129. Oil-rich Norway, Ireland, Hong Kong (China), Iceland/Iceland, Germany led the rankings, while Niger, the Central African Republic, Chad, South Sudan and Burundi have the lowest scores in the HDI measurements. The HDI rankings are are measured by combining indicators of health, education, and standards of living but this year included two more elements: a nation’s carbon dioxide emissions and material footprint that put enormous strain on the planet. The report is 30th in a series which began in 1990. The first UNDP Human Development Report (HDR) was prepared and launched under the leadership of the late Dr Mahbubul Haq, a former Pakistan finance minister.

Global Climate Risk Index — 2021

A recent German Watch Report of the Long-term Global Climate Risk Index 2020, a global think-tank working on climate change, had rated Pakistan number 8th most affected country due to adverse impacts of climate change. Last year, it was ranked on 5th number. The data was reckoned from 2000 to 2019 that mentioned the country facing 0.3 per cent life losses per 100,000 inhabitants and $3.8 billion economic losses due to recurrent phenomenon of floods and climate change induced catastrophes.

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