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Corruption Perceptions Index — 2020
Pakistan ranked 124 out of 180 countries with a score of 31 — dropping four spots over last year — in the 2020 Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) by Transparency International, an annual index that ranks countries based on perceptions of public sector corruption. The 2020 edition of the CPI ranked 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption, drawing on 13 expert assessments and surveys of business executives. Denmark and New Zealand topped the index this year, with 88 points each. Syria, Somalia and South Sudan are at the bottom of the chart with 14, 12 and 12 points, respectively. Last year, Pakistan had ranked 120. On a scale of 0-100, with zero being ‘Highly Corrupt’ and 100 being ‘Very Clean’, the country’s corruption score stands at 31 — a point lower than last year’s 32 — indicating that the perception of corruption in the public sector has worsened slightly. The country has also scored less than last year in two categories, Rule of Law Index and Varieties of Democracy, due to which Pakistan’s score in CPI 2020 has been reduced by one.
Inclusive Internet Index — 2020
Pakistan has been ranked 76th out of 100 countries on the inclusive internet index 2020 released by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), falling into the last quartile of the global index overall. The ‘Inclusive Internet Index’ benchmarks countries on the internet’s availability, affordability, relevance and the readiness of people to use it. The annual report is commissioned by Facebook. In its fourth year, the index covered 100 countries, representing 91pc of the world’s population and 96pc of global GDP. On a scale of one (best) to 100 (worst), Pakistan stood at the 76th place out of the total countries surveyed. According to the EIU, in 2020 Pakistan falls into the last quartile of the global internet index countries overall, and it ranks 24th out of 26 Asian countries.
Global Innovation Index (GII) — 2020
Pakistan’s ability, capacity and success in business innovation declined in 2020 as the country’s ranking on the Global Innovation Index (GII) fell to 107 during the year from 104 in 2019. The GII is compiled by the World Intellectual Property Organisation, INSEAD business school and Cornell University which publishes its annual rankings after evaluating innovations in the country’s institutions, human capital and research, infrastructure, market and business sophistication, knowledge and technology outputs and creative outputs. The report showed Pakistan’s ranking in terms of market sophistication fell from 102 in 2019 to 116 in 2020 owing to worsening indicators like ease of getting credit, domestic credit to private sector as a percentage of GDP and microfinancing. In addition, the country’s ability to attract investment also weakened during the year. The country’s human capital and research also declined during the year under review. The report highlights major weaknesses in terms of expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP, school life expectancy, tertiary enrollment and research and development.
World Press Freedom Index — 2020
Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontieres or RSF) in April 2020 released the 2020 World Press Freedom index, indicating that Pakistan slid down another three places to reach 145th position out of 180 countries. The top slot remained with Norway for a fourth consecutive year, followed by other Scandinavian countries, while the lowest ranking was given to North Korea. China maintained its 177th position this year. Some other countries in the region slipping from their positions included India, whose ranking dropped to 142 from last year’s 140, Iran that fell to 173, Afghanistan that went down to 122nd position. According to the RSF, media outlets in Pakistan are threatened with the withdrawal of advertising. The signals of TV channels that gave airtime to opposition representatives have been jammed. Journalists who dared to broach subjects deemed off limits by the military have been subjected to harassment campaigns.
Sustainable Development Goal Report — 2020