Gender Studies (CSS 2016-2020)


I. Introduction to Gender Studies

  1. Write a note on status of women’s studies in Pakistan and give your views on the autonomy/integration debate in Women’s Studies. (CSS 2016)
  2. Define and discuss the discipline of Gender studies and also differentiate between women studies and gender studies (CSS 2017)
  3. What are the fundamental differences between Gender Studies and Women’s Studies? Substantiate your argument(s) with examples. Highlight the current status of women studies in Pakistan (CSS 2018)
  4. How do you differentiate the discipline of Gender Studies from that of Women Studies? Historically trace the need for the establishment of Gender Studies as a distinct discipline and its scope and significance with especial reference to Pakistan (CSS 2019)
  5. Write a comprehensive note on autonomy versus integration debate in gender studies. (CSS 2017)
  6. Gender has multiple meanings. How do you deconstruct the word – Gender? (CSS 2020)

II. Gender Based Violence

  1. What are the sites and forms of violence against women in Pakistan and how in your view this menace can be eliminated from our society (CSS 2016)
  2. What are the different forms of gender based violence and, in your opinion, what could be the workable strategies to eliminate gender based violence from Pakistani society? (CSS 2017)
  3. Write a comprehensive essay on the ‘sex versus gender debate’ in feminist philosophy and social sciences, reflecting nature versus nurture argument (CSS 2018)
  4. Comment on the power and control relationship in gender based violence. (CSS 2020)

III. Theories of Gender Studies

  1. Explain the relevance of Modernization Theory and Dependency Theory to gender equality. Critically analyse the subordination of women in modern societies in the light of these two theories. (CSS 2019)

IV. Waves of Feminism & Pakistan

  1. What is feminism? In what way Radical feminism is different from Socialist feminism? (CSS 2016)
  2. What is feminism? In what way Radical feminism is different from Socialist feminism? (CSS 2016)
  3. Write a note on women’s movement in Pakistan. What are its strengths and weaknesses? (2016)
  4. What are the pros and cons of gender quota in politics? Give your views on the impact of gender quota in politics in Pakistan. (CSS 2016)
  5. “Women active political participation could stabilize democracy and boost economic development”. Comment on this statement within context of socio-economic realities of Pakistani society. (CSS 2017)
  6. What are the theories of social construction of gender? (CSS 2016)
  7. What type(s) of feminism can elevate the social-cultural, economic and political status of women in Pakistan? (CSS 2018)
  8. Believing in the statement that “women cover half the sky”, do you think we need equal number of women in all spheres of public domain, especially in politics? (CSS 2018)
  9. What type(s) of feminism can elevate the social-cultural, economic and political status of women in Pakistan? (CSS 2018)
  10. Women’s participation in labor force has increased recently yet women continue to perform their reproductive roles. Discuss the challenges encountered by women as a result of their paid employment worldwide with especial reference to Pakistan. (CSS 2019)
  11. Outline and explain the three major waves of feminist movements in the West. Discuss the influence of these waves on feminist movements in Pakistan. (CSS 2019)
  12. Women need to be in leadership positions to pull more women into leadership roles. Is this suggestion that women need to “pull each other up” a useful one, or is that inappropriate preferential treatment? (CSS 2020)
  13. “For realizing, in letter and spirit, the ideals of a democratic welfare state, it is necessary to institute a system which fully guarantees human rights, generates conducive environment for the pragmatic use and beneficial enjoyment of human rights and provides operative safeguards and expeditious remedy against any violation of human rights”. Critically evaluate the statement with special reference to Pakistan. (CSS 2020).

V. Contemporary World Affairs – Gender Studies

  1. What is the status of women’s health in Pakistan. How it could be improved within the available economic resources? (CSS 2017)
  2. “Powerful forces of globalization have highlighted various gender issues across culture and throughout the globe.” Discuss by quoting examples from developing countries (CSS 2017)
  3. What are the reasons responsible for ranking Pakistan as the second-worst country in the world for gender inequality despite Pakistan commitment to many international conventions and strong commitment to gender equality in 1973 constitution? (CSS 2018)
  4. In the last two decades, globalization has had a huge impact on the lives of women in developing nations, including Pakistan. What are the impacts of global political economy on Pakistani women? (CSS 2018)
  5. The process of globalization has connected nations worldwide and has made the world a global village, yet it has also increased inequalities across nations. Discuss the gendered inequalities created and promoted by the process of globalization in contemporary societies worldwide. (CSS 2019)
  6. How the colonial era influenced the status of women in subcontinent? (CSS 2020)

VI. Case Studies (Mukhtaran Mai, Mallala Yousaf Zai, Shermin Ubaid Chinoy)

  1. Explain the structural and direct forms of violence against women in the Pakistani society by highlighting the case study of Mukhtaran Mai. (CSS2019)
  2. Discuss the background of the two Oscar winning documentaries by Sharmeen Obaid. (CSS 2020)

VII. Miscellaneous Questions 

  1. ‘Language is gendered’, what does this imply? Explain with examples. (CSS 2020)

VIII. Short notes on:

  1. CSS 2016: Critically review the Gender and Development Approaches on the following: (a) Women in Development (WID) (b) Women and Development (WAD) (c) Gender and Development (GAD)
  2. CSS 2017: Honor Killing
  3. CSS 2017: Gender and development
  4. CSS 2018: ‘Gender Strategic Needs’ and ‘Gender Practical Needs’ (b) APWA and WAF (c) Government Initiative for combating the menace of violence against women
  5. CSS 2019: (a) Suffragist movement (b) Postmodern Feminism (c) Structural Functionalism