CSS 2023 MPT Paper

CSS 2023 MPT Paper

CSS 2023 MPT Paper – Questions

  1. Prerogative (n.) means an exclusive or special right or privilege.
  2. Sartorial (adj.) means of or relating to tailored clothes; homespun means homemade.
  3. Fatuous (adj.) means inanely foolish; sensible is its nearest opposite.
  4. Improvident (adj.) means lacking prudent foresight, or careless; cautious means to be wary or to exercise forethought
  5. The United States and Russian Federation on February 5, 2021 agreed on a five-year extension of New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) to keep it in force through February 4, 2026.
  6. Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. In 1763, the French territory of Quebec was officially ceded to Britain. Quebec is now seeking independence from Canada.
  7. In 1949, Germany formally split into two independent nations: the Federal Republic of Germany (FDR or West Germany), allied to the Western democracies, and the German Democratic Republic (GDR or East Germany), allied to the Soviet Union.
  8. The Dayton Accords reached on 21 November 1995 by the presidents of Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia ended the war between the former Yugoslav republics.
  9. The War in Afghanistan (or the Operation Enduring Freedom) began in October, 2001 in response to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States.
  10. Since there is no atmosphere on the moon so light is not scattered and the sky appears black. The sky appears blue due to the scattering of light that takes place through the atmosphere. Due to the non-availability of atmosphere in space, light does not scatter into its constituent colours so the sky appears dark instead of blue to an astronaut in space.
  11. The boiling point of water is 100°C (212°F or 373K)  at 1 atmosphere of pressure (sea level).
  12. The process by which a substance changes from the solid phase to the liquid phase is known as melting. The process by which a substance changes from the liquid phase to the solid phase is known as freezing.
  13. The instrument used to measure the atmospheric pressure is called as the barometer. Manometer is used to measure the pressure of the gas. The thermometer is used to measure the temperature.
  14. The Paris Agreement united almost all the world’s nations – for the first time – in a single agreement on cutting the greenhouse gas emissions which are causing global warming. Adopted by nearly 200 countries in the French capital on 12 December 2015, it came into force on 4 November 2016.
  15. On July 12, 2016, an arbitral tribunal constituted under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) ruled in favor of the Philippines, invalidating China’s nine-dash line territorial claim over the South China Sea.
  16. The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), which entered into force in March 1970, seeks to inhibit the spread of nuclear weapons.
  17. The Quad, officially the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, is a group of four countries: the United States, Australia, India, and Japan.
  18. On July 14, 2015, the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States), the European Union (EU), and Iran reached a Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) to ensure that Iran’s nuclear program will be exclusively peaceful.
  19. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), a Eurasian political, economic and security forum founded in 2001, is comprised of eight member states: China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Pakistan and Uzbekistan.
    • SCO is a permanent intergovernmental international organization. The SCO Charter was signed in 2002, and entered into force in 2003.
    • Prior to the creation of SCO in 2001, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan were members of the Shanghai Five.
    • India and Pakistan became members in 9th June, 2017.
    • On 17th September, 2021, the decision to admit Iran as a full member was declared in the 21th summit of the SCO leaders in Dushanbe, Tajikistan. Iran acquired observer status in the organisation in June 2005. The process of Iran becoming a full member of the SCO will complete by 2023 summit.
  20. The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) was established with the signing of the SAARC Charter in Dhaka on 8 December, 1985.
    • The South Asian Free Trade Area (SAFTA) is the free trade arrangement of SAARC. The SAFTA Agreement was signed in January 2004 during the 12th SAARC Summit held in Islamabad. The Agreement came into force in January 2006. SAFTA was signed to reduce the customs duties to zero by 2016. The Agreement was confined to goods but excluded all services like information technology.
    • SAARC has eight member countries (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri-Lanka).
  21. The European Union (EU) has 27 member states.
    • It came into effect after 28 countries signed the Maastricht Treaty. The European Union now has 27 members (the UK made an exit from the EU on 31st January 2020).
    • Of the 27 countries, 19 use the euro as their official currency.
    • Brussels (Belgium) is considered the de facto capital of the European Union.
  22. Droupadi Murmu elected as 15th President of India on July 21 and sworn into office on July 25, 2022. Hailing from a tribal community in the Indian state of Odisha, the former primary school teacher has served previously as the Governor of Jharkhand, a state in the eastern part of India. She is the country’s second female president after Pratibha Patil.
  23. Khawaja Nazimuddin was Pakistan’s second Governor General  from 1948 to 1951 and also was the second Prime Minister from 1951 to 1953.
  24. The concept of “cricket diplomacy” was led by India’s first non-Congress PM (from the Janata Party) Morarji Desai and Pakistani President, Gen. Ziaul-Haq.
  25. ‘Pakistan: A hard country’ is a historical book authored by award-winning British author and journalist Anatol Lieven.
  26. On May 2, 2011, U.S. Special Forces raided an al-Qaeda compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, and killed Osama bin Laden. The actual mission is dubbed Operation Neptune Spear.
  27. 31st May, 2018: The 25th Amendment received assent from then the President Mamnoon Hussain, after which the FATA was officially merged with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
  28. 18th Amendment (April 19th, 2010): It removed the power of President to dissolve the Parliament unilaterally; constituted the offence of high treason under Article 6.
  29. The World Bank was established in 1944 to help rebuild Europe and Japan after World War II. Its official name was the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD).
  30. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) is a legal agreement first signed by 23 countries on October 30, 1947 in Geneva, Switzerland.
  31. The FOIP stands for the Free and Open Indo-Pacific.
  32. The Council of Common Interests or CCI is a constitutional body to ease the troubled center-provincial and provincial relations.
  33. Urumqi (formerly Tihwa or Dihua) city is the capital of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. It is the starting point of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).
  34. On 16th December 2014, a group of terrorists attacked the Army Public School (APS) in Peshawar, Pakistan.
  35. In 30th September 1955, Balochistan was merged into one unit of West Pakistan. After the dissolution of one-Unit on 1st July, 1970, Balochistan emerged as one of the four new provinces of Pakistan.
  36. Pakistan and the US are in a transactional relationship since the 1950s.
  37. Article 140-A relates to the local government. It says: “Each province shall, by law, establish a local government system and devolve political, administrative and financial responsibility and authority to the elected representatives of the local governments.”
  38. The lowest layer of the atmosphere is the troposphere. An atmosphere acts as a blanket of gases that surrounds Earth.
  39. Microphones convert acoustical energy (sound waves) into electrical energy (the audio signal).
  40. Eid prayers are — Waajib (obligatory). It is offered with six additional Takbeers.
  41. In 624 AD (2H), Zakat became compulsory on all Muslims.
    • Resting on gold and silver; whereas Nisab of gold is 87.48 grams (7.5 tola) and for silver it is 612.36 grams (52.5 tola).
  42. Sahihain refers the two books of the Hadith — Sahih-e-Bukhari and Sahih-e-Muslim.
  43. Hazrat Zaid Bin Harris (May Allah SWT be pleased with him) is that blessed companion of Hazrat Muhammad ﷺ whose name is mentioned in surah Al-Ahzab (The Confederates).
  44. The husband’s share is one-half of the property of the deceased wife if she has no children, but in case of children it is one-fourth.
  45. Hazrat Hafsa bint Umar (RA), the wife of the Prophet (SA), could both read or write, or both (as provided in the question options).

These questions of the CSS 2023 MPT Paper have been compiled by CSS Exam Desk team on 2 October, 2022. Students are requested to share more questions with us in the comments section. Thanks

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