English Essay (CSS 2022)

English Essay Syllabus for CSS 2022

Candidates will be required to write one or more Essay in English. A wide choice of topics will be given. Candidates are expected to reflect comprehensive and research based knowledge on a selected topic. Candidate’s articulation, expression and technical treatment of the style of English Essay writing will be examined.

English Essay: CSS Past Papers Analysis


  • Hero-worship is the strongest where there is least regard for human freedom. (CSS 2000)

  • Personal liberty is the paramount essential to human dignity and human happiness. (CSS 2000)

  • Humanism. (CSS 2004)

  • All humans are born equal in dignity and rights but they are in shackles everywhere. (CSS 2010)

  • The War on terror has contributed to the growing abuse of human rights. (CSS 2015)

  • In the fight against terrorism and corruption, it is imperative not to compromise human rights and civil liberties. (CSS 2018)

  • Universal human equality is utopia. (CSS 2021)


  • Global Warming (CSS 2006)

  • The future of mankind in a global warming perspective. (CSS 2007)

  • Global Warming, fact or fiction? (CSS 2008)

  • Government should eliminate subsidies and incentives for manufacturers and consumers of electric cars as they are costly and do not do enough to protect the environment. (CSS 2015)

  • The threat of Global Warming and the ways to counter it. (CSS 2018)

Truth and Reason

  • The search for truth. (CSS 2005)

  • Truth in short supply (CSS 2006)

  • Truth is a rare commodity despite the freedom by the print and electronic media. (CSS 2011)

  • In this country reason does not apply to anything. (CSS 2011)

  • Truth is lived not taught. (CSS 2019)


  • Of all the needs a book has, the chief need is that it be readable. (CSS 2002)

  • The pleasures of reading. (CSS 2011)

Morality/ Principles

  • Art and Morality. (CSS 2002)

  • There comes a time to put aside principles and do what is right. (CSS 2006)

  • Moral depravity is the root cause of poverty. (CSS 2008)

Global Issues/ International Relations

  • Moral standards in international relations. (CSS 2000)

  • World scenario in 21st century and Pakistan’s role in it. (CSS 2002)

  • The end of cheap oil. (CSS 2004)

  • Globalization and electronic media. (CSS 2007)

  • The world politics stands more derisive than it was ever before due to the specific imperialist designs. (CSS 2010)

  • The time we live in is the winter of the world. (CSS 2011)

  • Brexit means globalization is the rhetoric of the privileged, and capitalism will return ferociously as ever. (CSS 2017)

  • Modernity is an unending project. (CSS 2017)

  • China – Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) and its Socio-economic Implications for the Region and the World. (CSS 2018)

  • Pakistan and the future of Kashmir cause. (CSS 2020)

  • Global power dynamics and Pakistan’s foreign policy. (CSS 2020)

Science and Technology

  • Advancement in science and technology is the gateway to the economic prosperity of a country. (CSS 2000)

  • The suffering soul in the Scientific Age. (CSS 2012)

  • Modern day communication via social networks puts an end to true and sincere relationships. (CSS 2013)

  • The War on terror has contributed to the growing abuse of human rights. (CSS 2015)

  • The introduction of new digital technologies has radically altered identities. (CSS 2015)

  • Labor saving devices are more troublesome than they are worth. (CSS 2015)

  • Modernity is an unending project. (CSS 2017)

  • Expanding information technology: a curse or blessing. (CSS 2019)

  • Is Pakistan ready for the digital revolution? (CSS 2020)

  • Covid-19 — A wake up call for Pakistani researches. (CSS 2021)

  • Human inventions move societies backward. (CSS 2021)


  • On tolerance. (CSS 2001)

  • Only the wisest and stupidest of men never change. (CSS 2003)

  • Violence is the last refuge of the incompetent. (CSS 2014)


  • Globalization and electronic media. (CSS 2007)

  • Power of Media in the Modern World. (CSS 2009)

  • Modern day communication via social networks puts an end to true and sincere relationships. (CSS 2013)

  • The emerging power of Social Media: Prospects and Problems. (CSS 2018)

War/ Peace/ Globalization

  • Can we prevent the third world war? (CSS 2008)

  • Great nations win without fighting. (CSS 2014)

  • World as a global village: Learning to live together. (CSS 2016)

  • Are modern wars not holy wars? (CSS 2017)

  • Pros and cons of globalization. (CSS 2021)

  • Intercultural communication is a panacea to avoid third world war. (CSS 2021)

Democracy/ Governance/ Administration / Crisis / Tourism

  • Good governance and the role of the public servant. (CSS 2000)

  • Devolution of power in Pakistan. (CSS 2001)

  • The future of democracy in Pakistan. (CSS 2009)

  • The food crisis: problems, challenges and opportunities for Pakistan. (CSS 2009)

  • Pakistan is rich in natural resources but very poor in their management. (CSS 2010)

  • Disaster management and government preparedness. (CSS 2011)

  • Democracy is a culture rather than a process. (CSS 2012)

  • In a hierarchy every employee tends to rise to his level of incompetence. (CSS 2015)

  • Crisis of good governance in Pakistan: Need for reforms and institution building. (CSS 2016)

  • Democracy in Pakistan: Hopes and Hurdles. (CSS 2018)

  • Democracy and illiteracy do not move together. (CSS 2019)

  • Promoting tourism in Pakistan: opportunities and challenges. (CSS 2020)


  • Education makes a people easy to lead, but difficult to drive, easy to govern, but impossible to enslave. (CSS 2000)

  • Economic prosperity of a nation is directly proportional to the level of literacy in it. (CSS 2001)

  • Higher Science Education in the developing countries. (CSS 2002)

  • Education has for its object the formation of character. (CSS 2002)

  • Need for serious planning in technical education in Pakistan. (CSS 2002)

  • Reforms in Examination systems. (CSS 2005)

  • The present system of Education must assume some of the responsibilities of our

    failure. (CSS 2007)

  • Higher Education as an agent of change. (CSS 2008)

  • Co-education; Merits and Demerits. (CSS 2009)

  • English as the medium of Education in Pakistan. (CSS 2009)

  • A critical analysis of Education system in Pakistan. (CSS 2012)

  • There should be colleges and schools just for men/boys and some just for women/girls. (CSS 2013)

  • Meaning and purpose of education. (CSS 2013)

  • Privatizing higher education-generating knowledge or making more money for the

    opulent. (CSS 2014)

  • Higher Education in Pakistan: Ills and Remedies. (CSS 2018)

  • Democracy and illiteracy do not move together. (CSS 2019)

  • Classrooms decide the future of the nation. (CSS 2019)

  • Women universities as agents of change. (CSS 2020)

  • Meaning purposive education. (CSS 2021)

National Integration

  • The barbarity of ethnic cleansing. (CSS 2000)

  • National Integration. (CSS 2001)

  • Water crisis and national unity. (CSS 2016)


  • We never know the worth of water till the well is dry. (CSS 2000)

  • Dilemma of the water and energy crisis in Pakistan. (CSS 2003)

  • Do not waste water even if you were at a running stream. (CSS 2021)


  • Dilemma of the water and energy crisis in Pakistan. (CSS 2003)

  • Energy Crisis in Pakistan: Causes and Consequences. (CSS 2012)


  • Public office is a public trust. (CSS 2001)

  • Bureaucracy doldrums. (CSS 2021)

Poverty/ Progress

  • Progressive alleviation of poverty in Pakistan – an overview. (CSS 2000)

  • Strategies for the alleviation of poverty. (CSS 2005)

  • Moral depravity is the root cause of poverty. (CSS 2008)

  • Look to the east for holistic progress. (CSS 2014)

  • Does foreign aid help to achieve economic stability? (CSS 2016)


  • Advancement in science and technology is the gateway to prosperity of a country. (CSS 2000)

  • Economic prosperity of a nation is directly proportional to the level of literacy in it. (CSS 2001)

  • Austerity as a solution to all our economic problems. (CSS 2002)

  • Economic problems in Pakistan and how to meet them. (CSS 2002)

  • Socio-Economic Challenges faced by Pakistan. (CSS 2005)

  • Foreign Direct Investment in Pakistan. (CSS 2006)

  • Promotion of tax culture in Pakistan: Perspective, prospects and challenges. (CSS 2016)

  • Does foreign aid help to achieve economic stability? (CSS 2016)

  • Real development should transform people’s lives, not just economic statistics. (CSS 2018)

  • New war fronts lie in economic zones. (CSS 2019)

  • Pakistan’s informal economy: the way forward. (CSS 2020)

  • IMF bailouts: roads to stability or recipes for disaster. (CSS 2020)


  • Justice delayed is justice denied. (CSS 2001)

  • All humans are born equal in dignity and rights but they are in shackles everywhere. (CSS 2010)

  • Will “Rule of law” always remain an impracticable myth in our country? (CSS  2018)


  • A little philosophy inclineth man’s mind to atheism; but depth in philosophy bringeth

    man’s minds about religion. (CSS 2002)

  • Pluralistic vision of Islam. (CSS 2004)

  • Islam versus the West. (CSS 2005)

  • The image of Islam in the western world and responsibilities of the Muslim Ummah. (CSS 2007)

  • Peace; the essential message of our religion. (CSS 2008)

  • Materialism is the death of spirituality. (CSS 2008)

  • Fair play and life, as it is lived, in the land of the pure. (CSS 2011)

  • Let there be more light in the corridors of worship places. (CSS 2019)

United Nations

  • The future of UNO: Hopes and Hurdles. (CSS 2009)

  • The UNO has failed to measure up to the demands of its charter. (CSS 2010)

  • The United Nations in the 21st Century: Obligations and Limitations. (CSS 2012)

  • More and more international military engagements by the United Nations; is the world

    moving towards peace? (CSS 2017)

Women/ Gender

  • Persecuted poor woman. (CSS 2005)

  • The state of women rights in Pakistan. (CSS 2007)

  • Status of Women in Islam. (CSS 2009)

  • Why is there no status of the third gender in Pakistan? (CSS 2010)

  • Can women be equal to men in Pakistan? (CSS 2010)

  • Does Pakistan society regard women as the angel in the house or source of all evils? (CSS 2011)

  • Social and Economic Securities for Women in Islam. (CSS 2012)

  • Gender equality is a myth. (CSS 2013)

  • Women sports persons are new ambassadors of the soft image of Pakistan. (CSS 2014)

  • Gender equality is a myth! (CSS 2016)

  • Frailty, thy name is woman. (CSS 2016)

  • Feminism is not really a Third World issue. (CSS 2017)

  • New Waves of feminism and our culture. (CSS 2019)

  • Women universities as agents of change. (CSS 2020)

  • Gender equality: a popular slogan. (CSS 2021)

Accountability/ Corruption

  • Without independent truth-finding commission , accountability is unachievable. (CSS 2010)

  • Religion has done more harm than help to human relations in the world. (CSS 2010)

Nationalism/ Minorities

  • Being a minority is a fate no one wants. Can nationalism be really inclusive? (CSS 2017)


  • The purification of politics is an iridescent dream. (CSS 2000)

  • Politics is perhaps the only profession for which no preparation is thought necessary. (CSS 2002)

  • Personalization Of Pakistani Politics (CSS 2006)

  • Politics is the art of the possible. (CSS 2007)

  • Insanity in individuals is something rare but in groups, parties and nations it is the rule. (CSS 2011)

  • The emerging power of Public Opinion. (CSS 2012)

  • Not the economy but politics is the key to success. (CSS 2013)

  • The creation of new provinces in Pakistan: Implications for an integrated country. (CSS 2016)

  • Polarized politics: the issues and challenges of democracy in Pakistan. (CSS 2020)

Management/ Life/ Discipline / Ideology

  • Sweet are the uses of adversity. (CSS 2000)

  • “Turn not thy cheek in scorn towards folk nor walk with pertness in the land”. (Al-Quran) (CSS 2001)

  • Experience is the name everyone gives to their mistakes. (CSS 2001)

  • Self-conceit may lead to self destruction. (CSS 2001)

  • Attitude of indifference. (CSS 2003)

  • Young habits die-hard. (CSS 2003)

  • Lots of folks confuse bad management with destiny. (CSS 2006)

  • Life’s tragedy is that we get old too soon and wise too late. Benjamin Franklin (CSS 2006)

  • A country is backward because it’s people are backward. (CSS 2007)

  • Time management is the keynote of success. (CSS 2008)

  • Lack of discipline – a national disaster. (CSS 2008)

  • Dreams for the future rely on the work of today. (CSS 2008)

  • Health is not a condition of matter, but of mind. (CSS 2009)

  • Without good communication skills, life becomes impossible in the modern world. (CSS 2011)

  • Obesity is the root cause of all diseases. (CSS 2012)

  • Let me take care of today, tomorrow shall take care of itself. (CSS 2013)

  • Country life is better than city life. (CSS 2013)

  • The character of a nation can be judged by its symbolic narratives. (CSS 2014)

  • Punctuality is the virtue of boredom. (CSS 2015)

  • Luxury predecessors become the necessity of successors. (CSS 2015)

  • When life throws you lemons, make lemonade. (CSS 2015)

  • We have to learn to be our own best friends, because we fall too easily into the trap of being our own worst enemies. (CSS 2016)

  • Is colonial mentality impeding Pakistan’s progress? (CSS 2016)

  • Ideologies thrive on notions of resistance, yet change is a simulation. (CSS 2017)

  • Life without controversy is no life. But why should one not choose the safe haven of conformism? (CSS 2017)

  • Too many of us are not living our dreams because we are living our fears. (CSS 2018)

  • Beware the barrenness of a busy life! (CSS 2018)

Nuclear politics

  • Nuclear weapons are ‘not only a great peril, but a great hope. (CSS 2006)

  • The more developed a country, the more leathly it is armed. (CSS 2007)


  • International crisis of Terrorism. (CSS 2002)

  • Terrorism as a new threat to the contemporary world. (CSS 2007)

  • Pakistan’s War on terror and its impact on our psyche and politic socio-economic fronts. (CSS 2009)

  • The War on terror has contributed to the growing abuse of human rights. (CSS 2015)

Art/ Literature/ Poetry

  • Every art is an imitation of nature. (CSS 2002)

  • Art and Morality. (CSS 2002)

  • Art Critics and reviewers. (CSS 2003)

  • Humour In Urdu Literature (CSS 2006)

  • Poetry is the highest form of expression – the greatest proof is the Holy Quran. (CSS 2008)

  • Literature is the best criticism of life. (CSS 2010)

  • Literature as a great cultural artifact. (CSS 2014)

  • Language is a fit data for research in humanities and social science. (CSS 2014)

  • Can meaning be fixed? (CSS 2014)

  • The place of Urdu in Pakistan and Supreme Court’s ruling on making Urdu the official language of the country. 2016

  • Literature is a lonely planet of idealists. (CSS 2017)

  • Art for peace. (CSS 2019)

  • Do we really need literature in our lives? (CSS 2020)


  • It is not only fine feathers that make fine birds. (CSS 2001)

  • Existentialism. (CSS 2003)

  • Liberalism (CSS 2006)

  • Brain, like hearts, go where they are appreciated. (CSS 2006, 2012)

  • There is no great genius without a mixture of madness. (CSS 2009)

  • The time we live in is the winter of the world. (CSS 2011)

  • Beggars can’t be choosers. (CSS 2012)

  • If gold rusts what shall the iron do. (CSS 2013)

  • Anticipation is often greater than realization. (CSS 2015)

  • Sometimes we do not see what we see. (CSS 2019)

  • I fall upon the thorns of life I bleed. (CSS 2021)

Diversity/ Differences of opinion / Freedom

  • Dialogue is the best course to combat terrorism. (CSS 2010)

  • Free speech should have limitations. (CSS 2013)

  • I disapprove of what you say, but I defend to death your right to say. (CSS 2015)

  • I do not agree with what you have to say, but I’ll defend to the death your right to say it. (CSS 2020)