Political Science – Past Papers Analysis (CSS 2016-2020) by Aamir Mahar 


Political Science Paper – II

Part – A (30 marks)

I. Comparative and Analytical Study of the Political Systems:  Political System of U.S.A, U.K, France and Germany.

  1. Discuss the salient features of the judicial system in France. How does it differ from that of the Britain and Pakistan? (CSS 2016)
  2. The Senate of the USA is the most powerful Upper House in the world. Can you justify this statement? Explain your answer with reference to the Upper Houses of India and Pakistan. (CSS 2016)
  3. To what extent is it true that the President of the United States is more powerful than the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (UK)? Justify your answer with comparative analysis. (CSS 2017)
  4. Write the Composition, Powers and Position of the French National Assembly. (CSS 2018)
  5. Compare and Contest the powers of Indian President with the American president. (CSS 2018)
  6. How the system of Checks and Balances works in the US political system? Explain with examples. (CSS 2019)
  7. How the party system in France is different to that in Germany? Discuss in detail. (CSS 2019)
  8. Under the unitary state system, how local government system works in UK? (CSS 2020)

II. Global and Regional Integration: Globalization and Politics, Global Civil Society, Regional politicoeconomic integration and organizational structure of the European Union, SAARC, ECO, International Financial Regimes IMF and WTO.

  1. Detailed notes on the following: (a) European Union – EU (b) South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation – SAARC (CSS 2016)
  2. Discuss the basic norms of regional politico-economic integration and organizational structure of the European Union. (CSS 2017)
  3. Short Note on: Global Civil Society (CSS 2017)
  4. To what extent global economic institutions are indispensable pieces of global governance?  (CSS 2018)
  5. Short Note on: (a) Guardian Council of Iran. (b) ECO (CSS 2018)
  6. Discuss the way in which Globalization could promote regionalization as an adaption. (CSS 2020)
  7. Critically evaluate the role of Post World War – II International Financial Regimes in the economic development of the less developed countries. (CSS 2020)

Part – B (70 marks)

III. Comparative and Analytical Study of the Political Systems: Political system of Turkey, Iran, Malaysia, India and China.

  1. Discuss the features of Turkish model of democracy keeping the distinguished position of the armed forces in the Turkish politics. (CSS 2016)
  2. “A strong political system needs a very strong political economy.” Prove this statement by making a comparative and analytical answer with reference to China and Malaysia. (CSS 2017)
  3. Critically analyze the role of military in the Turkish politics. (CSS 2019)
  4. Critically evaluate the role of Military in Turkish Politics? (CSS 2020)
  5. Discuss the powers and functions of China’s national people’s Congress? (CSS 2020)

IV. Political Movements in India (Colonial Period): Rise of Muslim Nationalism in South Asia and Pakistan Movement (with special reference to the role of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah).

  1. Explain the rise of Muslim nationalism in South Asia. What were its implications for the nationalist politics of Indian National Congress? (CSS 2016)
  2. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-eAzam Muhammad Ali Jinnah were the genuine leaders who led the Muslim Nation towards success through their socio-political visions in South Asia. Discuss their community services rendered for the Muslims of the subcontinent. (CSS 2017)
  3. Iqbal is credited with creating the idea of Pakistan. Give your arguments. (CSS 2019)

V. Government and Politics in Pakistan: Constitution making from 1947 -1956, A comparative and critical analysis of 1956, 1962, 1973 Constitutions of Pakistan, Constitutional Amendments up-to-date, Federal Structure in Pakistan, and Central-Provincial relations after 18th amendment, Political Culture of Pakistan, Political Developments and the Role of Civil and Military Bureaucracy, Judiciary, Feudalism, Dynastic Politics, Political Parties and Interest Groups, Elections and Voting Behavior, Religion and Politics, Ethnicity and National Integration.

  1. What are the issues and problems of federation in Pakistan? Discuss with reference to the US federation. (CSS 2016)
  2. What are the political and administrative implications of the Eighteenth amendment to the 1973 Constitution of Pakistan? (CSS 2016)
  3. Discuss the Major issues during the constitutional making process in Pakistan in 1956, 1962 and 1973. (CSS 2017)
  4. How far do you agree that the Political Parties and Interest Groups have established and demolished the political system of Pakistan? Critically analyze. (CSS 2017)
  5. Do you agree that Pakistan was achieved by “Jinnah” through the “constitutional democratic process for the sake of constitutional democracy”? (CSS 2018)
  6. Logically prove that 18th amendment of 1973 Constitution is considered to be the new social contract for provincial autonomy among the Pakistani political parties. (CSS 2018)
  7. What factors contributed to the delay of constitution making process in the early years of Pakistan? Discuss in detail. (CSS 2019)
  8. What are the major obstacles to the process of national integration in contemporary Pakistan? Suggest remedies for success of the process. (CSS 2019)
  9. Make a comparative analysis of the constitution of 1956 and amended constitution of Pakistan 1973? (CSS 2020)

VI. International Relations: History of International Relations: Post World War-II (WW-II) Period. Foreign Policy of Pakistan: National Interests and Major Determinants i.e

  • Size/Geography
  • Economic Development
  • Security
  • Advancement in Technology
  • National Capacity
  • Political Parties/Leadership
  • Ideology
  • National Interest
  • Role of Press/Bureaucracy
  • Social Structure
  • Public Opinion
  • Diplomacy.
  • Foreign Policy-making Process in Pakistan

Also, external factors like International Power Structure, International Organizations, World Public Opinion and Reaction of other States.

  1. Write comprehensive notes on: Foreign policy making process in Pakistan. (CSS 2017)
  2. Examine the importance of national interest for “peace and security” with special reference to geostrategic position for economic opportunities of Pakistan in the 21st century. (CSS 2018)
  3. Write down the major determinants of the foreign policy of Pakistan. (CSS 2019)
  4. In the post-world war – II period, what were the important patterns of the Balance of Power? (CSS 2020)

Past Papers Analysis (CSS 2015-2020)

  1. Pakistan Affairs
  2. Political Science (Paper – I)
  3. Political Science (Paper – II)
  4. International Relations (Paper – I)
  5. International Relations (Paper – II)